For example, the new states may limit or discontinue Proposition 13's inflexible limits on taxes or Proposition 98's school-funding guarantee. [15][16][17] In drawing these new boundaries, Draper aimed to have it so that the three proposed states have nearly equal populations. [23][22] In any case, Turley explained that the addition of four new senators "could create endless tensions between representatives". Proponents of the proposal argued that dividing California into three states would provide … PLATTSBURGH — The Nov. 4 ballot will include a proposition involving redistricting. Other programs that could be affected include health programs, social services programs, prisons and other crime-related policies, and transportation projects. The proposal would then need the approval of voters in California, and then of the Congress of the United States (per Article IV, Section 3 of the U.S. "[23], There could also be multiple court challenges on how the state's existing liabilities are split among the new states, whether based on a plan passed by the State Legislature, or distributed based on their relative populations (as mandated by the proposal if the State Legislature fails to decide on such a plan). That's the only sure thing", "Plan to split California into 3 states may qualify for ballot", "Wealthy VC's Proposition to Split California into 3 States Qualifies for Ballot", "3 Californias? When New Hampshire surrendered its claim in 1782, New York refused to recognise the grants of land made by New Hampshire decades earlier, which had been the bases for establishing 131 towns and New York's action infuriated Vermonters. From dioramas to book reports, and algebraic word problems to research projects, the type and amount of homework given to students has been debated for over a century. Ronald Wilson Reagan served as the 40th President of the United States from Jan. 20, 1981 to Jan. 19, 1989. There are many proposals about ways to improve the initiative process. [19], Furthermore, each new state would have to pay various one-time costs to set up separate state governments, new capitols and other administration buildings, and so forth. INITIATIVE STATUTE. There were key procedural differences between the Cal 3 initiative and Draper's previous Six Californias plan, which failed to get enough signatures to qualify for the 2014 ballot. ... On June 5th, California voters passed a $4.1 billion bond to fund water infrastructure improvements, as well as new parks. [15][16][17] On June 13, it was announced that there were sufficient valid signatures. It reads: New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new States shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress. In California, the proposal to assess taxes on commercial and industrial properties at market value, while continuing to assess taxes on residential properties based on the purchase price, is known as split roll. Real party in interest filed a document stating that he "do[es] not object to the Court making its [prior] order permanent without further briefing or hearing." [19][24] As Vikram Amar writes, "Certainly breaking California up alters, as a quantitative matter, most every provision in the constitution, by shrinking its effective reach ... such a division is first and foremost a matter of structure ... what is of greater importance to a state’s overall structure than its geographic boundaries? Amendment 1 on the Nov. 3 ballot would mean all six statewide elected officials would be limited to no more than two four-year terms in office. As for California constitutional issues, there is the question as to whether a statutory initiative measure like this one, without any state constitutional amendments, can start a process that fundamentally revises the state government's basic framework. "[31], Both the 2018 Republican and Democratic nominees for governor have voiced opposition to the plan. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. Of the policies that Proposal 3 added to the Michigan Constitution, no-excuse absentee voting was found in the most states —27 and D.C. (an additional three states conduct elections via mail-in ballots). [31], Eric C. Bauman, Chairman of the California Democratic Party, said that "it's going to be more money flushed down the toilet. There are several precedents for the creation of new states out of pre-existing ones. John Cox is silent", "Gavin Newsom opposes initiative to split California in three even though it was proposed by a friend", "Don't split up California, says GOP governor candidate John Cox", "Proposal to Slice California Into 3 States Already Has Haters", "Draper plan that would carve up California into three states qualifies for November ballot", "CalChamber Board of Directors Takes Positions on Initiatives", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cal_3&oldid=988452887, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 08:01. ... California … The Pros and Cons of Utah’s Ballot Initiatives. The Plattsburgh Area League of Women Voters recently hosted an open forum about the proposal. In the short term it would likely benefit the GOP in the Senate as more conservative voters in rural areas will have their own Senators to vote for. [3][4][5][6] On 12 September 2018, the court permanently removed the measure from all future ballots.[7]. "[24] For example, what happens if the Cal 3 ballot measure passes statewide, but most of the voters in the proposed (New) California state opposed it? [22] Finally, states outside of California may oppose diluting their over-representation in the Senate. If a person’s kidneys stop working, they may need a special treatment called dialysis. Three, potentially four, initiatives will be voted on in the General Election this coming November. [19], California's current water issues and water rights would also have to be resolved. Similarly to the previous plan, opponents said that such a split would be an unnecessary use of money and resources. It outlines three proposed new states, and then calls for the California State Legislature to divide and transform the existing state into the three states. They may choose a major they don’t really love … Is it beneficial? 75% Upvoted. Small step forward for long-shot 'South California' plan", "History of Proposals to Divide California", "When did the Articles of Confederation Cease to Be Law? [17], Splitting the state would create four new seats in the U.S. Senate, two for each of the two newly created states. Only one guy is behind it, and everyone is against it". Cal 3 was a proposal to split the U.S. state of California into three states. Before tackling the arguments associated with the pros and cons of dividing California, the issue of how many states to divide California into should be examined. [14], The California Chamber of Commerce stated that "this measure would instead create an entirely new suite of problems to distract and consumer [sic] voters, political leaders, concerned citizens and ordinary residents". We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. Pro definition: A pro is a professional. 138 comments. [7], Tim Draper's motivation is basically the same as for his failed Six Californias plan. It was launched in August 2017 by Silicon Valley venture capitalist Tim Draper, who led the effort to have it originally qualify on the November 2018 state ballot as Proposition 9, officially the Division of California into Three States initiative. Official Voter Information Guide, November 3, 2020, California General Election. [19], The measure also directs the California State Legislature to divide California's assets and liabilities among the three new states. [14] The following is an envisioned distribution of California's 58 counties into the proposed 3 Californias. Negotiations to join the United States were thwarted by perennial objection from New York, which continued to claim Vermont. [18], The Cal 3 measure would add a new article to the California Codes. A similar dispute arose between the State of Ohio and the Territory of Michigan in 1835-36, over which of them had rights to the Maumee Strip, including newly-created Toledo. On 12 September 2018, in another unanimous decision, the Supreme Court of California permanently removed Cal 3 from all future ballots, stating: On August 9, 2018, petitioner (the party challenging the validity of the initiative measure) and real party in interest (the proponent of the initiative measure) filed separate documents in this court. [23] California is currently a safe state for Democrats with 55 votes in the Electoral College, and therefore splitting the state would also split those guaranteed electoral votes and make the new Southern California a potential swing state. A number of these bonds, employee plans, and policies are currently unfunded, awaiting revenue from future state budgets. Six Californias was a proposed initiative to split the U.S. state of California into six states. [14] He has stated that California is ungovernable as is, with the legislature unable to keep pace with issues in all the state's regions, especially in areas such as job creation, education, affordable housing, and water and transportation infrastructure. The Cal 3 plan would divide the state's 58 counties among three states, tentatively named California (nicknamed Cal), Northern California (nicknamed NorCal), and Southern California (nicknamed SoCal). [19], A key U.S. constitutional issue is whether a voter initiative is sufficient for the state legislative approval that is required under Section 3 of Article IV for the creation of new states. [20], The income levels, and therefore the personal tax bases, in the proposed states differ. The proposal calls for the state government to divide the state within a year, pending approval from the US Congress. However, the Supreme Court of California has ruled that a voter initiative is not sufficient for the state legislative consent that is required to call for a U.S. constitutional convention.[19]. As with his previous Six Californias plan, Draper and other proponents of Cal 3 said that the state is too large and ungovernable, and splitting California would produce smaller and more efficient state governments. It failed to obtain sufficient signatures to qualify as a California ballot measure for the 2016 state elections. The state fiscal analyst estimated that Proposition 15 would generate between $6.5 billion and $11.5 billion. [33], The California Republican Party voted overwhelmingly to oppose it at their April convention. Water rights, transportation and infrastructure projects, California's public postsecondary education system, and other public programs are fully integrated throughout the state. [21] The new Northern California would have the higher per capita, while the (new) California would have the largest income disparity. It's a barometer of the potential unhappiness of the state. The pro's are more Senators from the new six CA's and more representation for both urban and rural voters. The Privy Council in London ruled in favour of the Vermonters but the damage had already been done, so that six months after the Province of New York seceded from the British Empire, the Commonwealth of Vermont seceded from New York, in January 1777. There are also liabilities mandated by other policies. The original state is not renamed or re-admitted, since it never leaves the union. Article IV, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution outlines the procedure for the admission of new U.S. states. [30] According to Draper, splitting up the state would allow the resulting new state governments to be closer to their people than the current California state government. Conversely, Republicans also might not want to put those electoral votes into play at the expense of Democrats gaining those Senate seats. "[28] Responding to the court's order, Draper labelled it as "corruption", "the insiders are in cahoots", and that the California Supreme Court justices "probably would have lost their jobs" if Cal 3 passed.[2][28]. Congress addresses only the question of admitting the new state. "[32][31] Republican nominee John H. Cox said on June 18 that he does not think Draper's plan is the answer, and that "we need to do a better job of managing the state". Among the differences, Cal 3 was an initiative to change a California statute, which required fewer petition signatures to qualify for the ballot than a proposed state constitutional amendment like the Six Californias plan. [25] In their response, Cal 3 supporters on July 12 stated that it was "just another example of how Sacramento politicians, powerful unions and their high-priced lobbyists are trying to hold onto power at the expense of California voters". December 16, 2019 May 7, 2017 by Louise Gaille. Based on 2015 values, the proposed (new) California state would rank about 12th among the states in per capita personal income, the new Northern California would be 2nd, and the new Southern California would be 30th. The first con cannot understated enough: its simply not going to happen. Proposals for the United States to implement mandatory national service, a requirement that people serve in the military or complete other works of service, trace back to the 1800s. New York finally surrendered its claim, paving the way for Vermont to ratify the U.S. Constitution on 10 January 1791, and be admitted as the 14th state on 4 March 1791. [9], Silicon Valley venture capitalist Tim Draper launched Six Californias, a proposed initiative to split California into six states, in December 2013. Because the current college education system leaves many students with high amounts of debt, students’ choices are constrained. Under the California Constitution, a proposal that substantially alters the state's basic governmental framework must be a state constitutional amendment that originates from either the State Legislature or a constitutional convention, and not from a ballot initiative. It was launched in August 2017 by Silicon Valley venture capitalist Tim Draper, who led the effort to have it originally qualify on the November 2018 state ballot as Proposition 9, officially the Division of California into Three States initiative. Stem cells are used to find treatments for many kinds of diseases. If the legislature is unable to pass such a plan within 12 months of the U.S. Congress' approval to split California, the assets and liabilities would then be distributed among the three new states based on their populations. Note that the pre-existing state does not disappear but simply gets smaller when the new state is admitted. Furthermore, many of these liabilities are mandated by California constitutional amendments, so a case could be made that splitting the state may unconstitutionally impair the contractual rights of all these bondholders and public employees. [19], The income and wealth differences among the three states would result in different future policies in taxes and public spending. California voters will also be deciding on 12 state propositions that are explained in this Pros & Cons. Detroiters spoke and we listened. Through dialogue with hundreds of residents and community groups, we understand that the preservation of Detroit’s homes is equally as important as demolishing the homes that are beyond repair. Petitioner filed a request for an order granting the petition and directing the Secretary of State to refrain from placing the challenged initiative measure on the November 2018 ballot or on any future ballot. Among the existing liabilities are all the bonds that have been issued as a result of other passed laws or ballot measures. [2] In its ruling, the court stated that "significant questions have been raised regarding the proposition’s validity and because we conclude that the potential harm in permitting the measure to remain on the ballot outweighs the potential harm in delaying the proposition to a future election. Accordingly, the petition is granted and the Secretary of State is directed to refrain from placing the challenged initiative measure on the November 2018 ballot or any future ballot. Each new state could adopt different laws, either stricter or more lenient, on these issues than what California currently has on the books. Calexit effort joined by new state-splitting plan", "Proposed Initiative Enters Circulation: Division of California into Three States", "Splitting California in 3 would be different. [12] On October 24, 2017, California Secretary of State Alex Padilla gave approval for Draper to begin collecting petition signatures; under California state law, to qualify for the ballot, valid signatures of at least 365,880 registered California voters (five percent of the total votes cast for the Governor of California in the November 2014 general election) were required to be submitted by April 23, 2018. Like Michigan, Missouri and Utah will have redistricting commission proposals on their November ballots, too. Constitution).[19]. [26] Draper also wrote a response directly to the court, stating that there is not enough time to properly consider the legal challenge: "I have been given just a day or two to respond to a complex, multi-faceted attack on my Constitutional right to initiative. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. A patient’s personal doctor must visit them at least once per month during treatment at a dialysis clinic. The first Vermont Constitution was adopted in July 1777, and Vermont remained a fully independent nation for 14 years. These tort reform pros and cons may limit the liabilities of corporations and individuals, which could reduce overall costs for services. California has been the subject of more than 220 proposals to divide it into multiple states since its admission to the union in 1850,[8] including at least 27 significant proposals in the first 150 years of statehood. Californians who are familiar with their state know that one can find a rationale for dividing the state into anywhere from two states to eight states. Cal 3 was a proposal to split the U.S. state of California into three states. The total cost of the bond is expected to be $17.3 billion. save hide report. The court has received no objection to proceeding in this fashion. Proposition 14: More borrowing for stem cell research If Proposition 14 passes, it would allow the … He spent more than $5 million to try to qualify the proposition for the ballot, including nearly $450,000 for political consultants.[10]. share. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples [19], If California's university system were to split under Cal 3, the new Northern California would have both the most University of California campuses and the most California State University campuses. This post deals with the Proposition 1 that was on the ballot… [2] Draper officially stopped pushing for the measure soon after. HuffPost is part of Verizon Media. The initiative to break up the state may be on the ballot in November", https://www.cnn.com/2018/06/13/us/california-three-states-initiative-ballot/index.html, "Initiative Analysis: Splitting California into three new U.S. states", "Political Impediments to Carving California into Three States, and Why Tim Draper Should Support the NPV Plan for Presidential Elections", "They Say That Breaking Up Is Hard To Do -- Unless It's Breaking California Into More Than Two", "California Dreamin': Carving the Golden State into Thirds", University of Virginia Center for Politics, "What California Voters Should Focus on When Voting on Tim Draper's "CAL 3" Initiative", "Remove three Californias plan from the ballot, opponents ask state Supreme Court", "Three-Californias campaign answers call to strike initiative from ballot", "Backer of 3 Californias measure asks court to dismiss suit", "Measure to split California into three states removed from ballot by the state Supreme Court", "Venture capitalist in bid to split California into six states", "Why venture capitalist Tim Draper wants to divide California into six states", "Gavin Newsom shrugs off three Californias measure. 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2020 cal 3 proposal pros and cons