John's views prove the most distinctive. This answer is not recorded in Matthew but is given in Luke 21:20-24. (Sign - Holman Bible Dictionary), Sign - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Robert Neighbour - The Eight Signs in John (All uses of semeion in John's Gospel = John 2:11, 18, 23; 3:2; 4:48, 54; 6:2, 14, 26, 30; 7:31; 9:16; 10:41; 11:47; 12:18, 37; 20:30). The fervor spread throughout the Jewish world and rumors were current of a Jewish army which would advance from the Arabian desert to conquer Palestine. Lowery on lawlessness - Jesus previously summarized the law as love of God and love of neighbor (Mt 22:34-40). It means living as if there were no law. Matthew 26:48 Now he who was betraying Him gave them a sign, saying, "Whomever I kiss, He is the one; seize Him.". All three synoptic Gospels begin with the warning to not be misled (Mt 24:4, Mk 13:5, Luke 21:8) so clearly Jesus' top priority is to avoid deception. In Matthew 23:1-37, 38-39, Jesus had spoken to the Pharisees concerning judgment. In fact Luke 21 wasn’t even at Olivet but was still at the temple. While radical scholars have charged that the discourse is wholly unauthentic, many scholars adopt a mediating position in holding that in its present form, the discourse contains only fragments of the genuine teaching of Jesus. (Note: I did NOT say "dispensationally!") For instance, he says in Mt 24:6, "And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars; see that you are not alarmed; for this must take place, but the end is not yet." Romans 15:19 in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit; so that from Jerusalem and round about as far as Illyricum I have fully preached the gospel of Christ. Matt. There is little doubt that some 40+ days earlier the disciples' question in Matthew 24:3 reflected their belief that Jesus was about to set up His earthly Messianic Kingdom. Just as the Jewish leaders once led the nation to reject His Messiahship, a day must come when they will lead the Jewish people to accept His Messiahship. First, they wanted to know when. 9:18-26). (Ed: Commenting specifically on the "sign" in Rev 12:1) The literal approach to interpreting Scripture allows for normal use of symbolic language, but understands that it points to a literal reality. When the end comes, it will bring the achievement of all of God's purposes. "You continued looking until a Stone was cut out without hands (the supernatural Stone = Jesus - Ps 118:22, 1Pe 2:4-8), and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay, and crushed them. The severity of these calamities will cause the majority of Israel to abandon any pretense of piety. (2) In the 5th century, a pseudo-messiah called Moses appeared in Crete. Revelation 12:1 A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; 3 Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems. How often I wanted to gather your children together, the way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling. While the global proclamation of the Gospel is not called a sign, it certainly will be seen by everyone on earth and it occurs in Revelation 14 after the Antichrist has set up his rule (Rev 13:5), so it clearly is in the time of the tribulation and most likely the great tribulation (very possibly at the midpoint of the last seven years). As someone once wisely cautioned me, don't obtain your eschatology from the newspaper! It was called 'the birth pangs of the Messiah,' sometimes more briefly translated as 'the Messianic woes.'". There is clearly not a consensus on how to interpret Mt 24:4-14 even among those who are conservative and interpret the Scripture literally. 2 “Do you see all these things?” he asked. For instance, G. Campbell Morgan skips over Matthew 24:15-22, which is the most important portion of Matthew 24. 6:12). Thomas Constable adds: The Old Testament associated Spirit baptism (Ed: Just promised by Jesus in Acts 1:5) with the beginning of the Messianic (millennial) kingdom (Isaiah 32:15-20; Isaiah 44:3-5; Ezekiel 39:28-29; Joel 2:28-32, 3:1; Zechariah 12:8-10). It is Luke who recorded the Messiah's answer to the first question." "When shall these things be, and what is the sign of thy coming and [the] completion of the age?" Cranfield holds that this chapter "does give us substantially our Lord's teaching" and appropriately goes on to ask "whether the disparagement of this chapter by much recent scholarship has not resulted in a serious impoverishment and weakening of the Church's life." (Comment on Mt 24:14) This saying ("The gospel...preached in the whole world for a witness to all the nations") comes unexpectedly here, not only because it provides a note of hope and triumph in an otherwise threatening context, but also because, like Mt 26:13, it already envisages a world-wide proclamation of the good news. Matthew 24:4.The reply of Jesus is directed, in the first instance, to the second question (τί τὸ σημεῖον, κ. τ. Famines (Mat. Thayer adds it means "to cause a person to begin to distrust and desert one whom he ought to trust and obey; to cause to fall away," and in the passive (as it is in Mt 24:10), to fall away." (Ed: France is forced to jettison for a moment his historical past fulfillment stance writing)...the implication seems to be that the "end" will not come until the proclamation has already reached "all over the world."" . Throeo in Liddell-Scott-Jones (primarily refers to secular Greek uses) - (1a). At that time (then) (5119)(tote) begs the question "At what time?" Planao is in the subjunctive mood, the mood of possibility (implying that we might be misled)! 34 "Truly I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. Tuesday Evening (cp Mk 11:19, See note on "Holy Tuesday", cf Passion Week or Holy Week), John Phillips observes that "The King had passed final judgment on the nation of Israel (cf Matthew 23:38-39). The warnings about "false Christs" (Ed: "false Messiahs") would especially concern Jews (Mark 13:5-6, 21-22) (Ed: cf Mt 24:4-5, 23-24), as would the warning about Jewish courts and trials (Mark 13:9)(Ed: Not mentioned by Matthew). The idea is "I solemnly assure you.". It is the Lord's return at the end of the age that is in view here. The end cannot come until the Gospel has reached far outside the Jewish world, but that gives us no warrant for deciding when it must come." Clearly it implies He would depart. Indeed, since He is addressing Jewish believers that are seated on the Mount of Olives with Him, it is likely that He is referring to Jewish believers in the future who will be hated because the Name of Jesus. 30:6; Jer. The destruction of the temple and city, with the signs preceding, verse 4, etc., 15, etc. Desolation of Jerusalem Matthew asks only when but do not mention a sign. Tell us, when will these things happen - What are these things? "For the Jews require a sign" (1Cor 1:22); the church looks for a Saviour (Phil 3:20-21)." He adds to Jesus' words. The faith that depends on signs, if not altogether condemned ( John 6:26 ), is by Jesus deprecated ( John 4:48 , cf. There are parallels between the events Jesus describes in Matthew 24 and Revelation 6:1-14. Literal is defined as "taking words in their usual, natural or most basic sense as opposed to reading them in figurative, metaphorical, mystical or allegorical sense." . However keeping the context in mind, they may have been motivated by the fact that Jesus had just stated "Behold, your house (the Temple) is being left to you desolate!" The Sign of the Water Turned to Wine (John 2:1-11). (Lk 21:8) Does this refer to the time of the Temple destruction or the time of the end? Mt 24:15 "When you see the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION .. standing in the holy place" So Jesus is showing the Jews what is leading up to HIS COMING and what is leading up to THE END. While this may refer to the impostors of the first century, it now points to ‘Antichrist,’ or the many ‘antichrists’ (1 John 2:18), constantly arising.—False prophets. John's signs generally impart knowledge about Jesus and His relation to the Father. (Mt 24:10), Why would the Jews fall away? See that you are not frightened, for those things must take place, but that is not yet the end: mellesete (2PFAI) de akouein (PAN) polemous kai akoas polemon horate (2PPAM) me throeisthe (2PPPM) dei (3SPAI) gar genesthai (AAN) all oupo estin (3SPAI) to telos: (hearing: Jer 4:19-22 6:22-24 8:15,16 47:6 Eze 7:24-26 14:17-21 Eze 21:9-15,28 Da 11:1-45 Mk 13:7,8 Lu 21:9)(see: Ps 27:1-3 46:1-3 112:7 Isa 8:12-14 12:2 26:3,4,20,21 Hab 3:16-18 Lu 21:19 Jn 14:1,27 2Th 2:2 1Pe 3:14,15)(must: Mt 26:54 Lu 22:37 Ac 27:24-26)(but: Mt 24:14 Da 9:24-27). 8 "But all these things are merely the beginning of birth pangs. And Jesus said to them, “Do you not see all these things? 26:2, 2Ti 2:15, Rev 22:18-19). R. T. France (The Gospel of Matthew - NICNT) - "(Comment on Mt 24:6) The period from the 30s to the 60s (Ed: Speaking of 30-60 AD) was relatively peaceful in the Roman empire as a whole, but in the east there were wars with Parthia in and after AD 36, and a more local war between Antipas and the Nabatean king Aretas in which the Romans became involved in AD 36-37...the disciples must not get things out of perspective, or be panicked into imagining that "the end" is imminent (Ed: For France "the end" is the destruction of the Temple)....The question which Jesus is here answering was about when the temple would be destroyed, and that is the "end" most naturally understood here....(Comment on Mt 24:7) Such historical records as we have for the first century mention earthquakes in Asia Minor in AD 61and in Italy in AD 62, in Jerusalem in AD 67, and another serious earthquake at an unspecified earlier date in Palestine. (Dt 18:15, 18, cf tests of a true prophet - Dt 18:20-22), See Chart Summarizing the Three Signs in the Olivet Discourse, Hiebert has an interesting and astute analysis of these things - These things again relates to the Temple, but the question (of the disciples) assumes that the destruction will be part of the complex events culminating in the consummation of the age and the inauguration of the messianic kingdom. You are seeing it happen. Shall kill you (cf. never closed, (4) standard or flag, on the admiral's ship; on the general's tent, body of troops under one standard or flag, (5) land mark, boundary, limit, out of the limits of your commercial port, (6) device upon a shield; upon ships, figure-head, (7) signet on ring, etc; figure, image; badge; plural, written characters, plural - stripes, (8) watchword, war-cry, (9) birthmark or distinguishing feature. In a limited but real sense, achieving a goal means that a thing or person is completed, or perfect. It is their claim that they are the Messiah and this claim gives authority and authenticity to whatever they say. 2 Corinthians 12:12 The signs of a true apostle were performed among you with all perseverance, by signs and wonders and miracles. Scripture predicts an apostasy at the time of the end which is both specific and intense. 6. I. as a predicate "be," relating to what exists; (1) to denote God's existence (Heb 11.6); the one who is, exists (Rev 1.4), (2) to denote Christ's self-designation of Himself = I am (Jn 8.58), (3) to denote temporal existence live (Mt 23.30, "before the world was" = Jn 17:5), (4) to denote a sojourn in a place stay, reside (Mt 2.13), (5) to denote what happens, such as phenomena and events be, take place, occur, happen (Jn 9.16), (7) of what is on the scene (MK 8.1) or available (Acts 7.12), (8) impersonally estin followed by an infinitive = it is possible (Heb 9.5). Albert Barnes - It is recorded in the history of Rome that violent agitations prevailed in the Roman empire previous to the destruction of Jerusalem. This is the meaning which the Bible attaches to miracles, when God breaks into the natural world to accomplish some special feat. 30 And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY with power and great glory. 39 But He answered and said to them, "An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; Matthew 16:1 The Pharisees and Sadducees came up, and testing Jesus, they asked Him to show them a sign from heaven. I agree with his 1985 comments! Warren Wiersbe gives us some practical guidelines as we study the Olivet Discourse (these guidelines are from his commentary on Mark 13, Mark's version of the Olivet Discourse, but are applicable in principle to the study of Matthew's version of the Olivet Discourse.) (. 24:1 and 3). You will be hated by all the nations because of my name. But the distinguishing mark of the saved Jewish remnant will be their enduring in faith to the end. The signs require interpretive teaching even as they legitimate Jesus' claims. And finally as discussed above the disciples may have recalled Zechariah 14:1-21 which describes Messiah's return to rescue embattled Jerusalem (cp Zech 14:2-3, 4, 6). Complete Concise Chapter Contents Good and bad figs represent the Jews in captivity, and those who remain in their John 11:47 Therefore the chief priests and the Pharisees convened a council, and were saying, "What are we doing? . (Luke 19:42-44). Romans 4:11 and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while uncircumcised, so that he might be the father of all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be credited to them. (Matthew 13:20-21) Jesus warned His own disciples that even they would fall away temporarily, a prophecy Peter protested, but which proved true (Mt 26:31, 33, Mk 14:27, 29). Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.” a. The Discourse is longest in Matthew (Mt 24:1-25:46), and Luke's account (Mt 21:5-36) contains some independent material. Truly I say to you, not one stone here will be left upon another, which will not be torn down. They did not use parousia in the specific and more technical sense that Jesus used it later in this chapter (Mt 24:27, 37, 39) and as it is often used elsewhere in the New Testament in referring to His second coming (see, e.g., 1Th 3:13; 2Th 2:8: 1Jn 2:28). Below are some representative uses of semeion in the Septuagint: Genesis 1:14 Then God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years; Genesis 4:15 So the LORD said to him, "Therefore whoever kills Cain, vengeance will be taken on him sevenfold."
2020 matthew 24:1 commentary