Range. For any queries, feel free contact us via mail. Usually, the last letter (or two) of a given genus, a space, and the first few correct letters of the specific epithet will provide a sufficiently short list containing the desired taxon. – Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. View a List of All Ecological Communities, For more information, contact: Richard Wunderlin or Bruce Hansen, or Alan Franck, © 2020 Institute for Systematic Botany | Data last modified: 12/5/2020, A member of the University of South Florida family of PlantAtlas.org websites. 1753. (Definitions from: American Heritage Science Dictionary). A species of plants native to the state that are in imminent danger of extinction within the state, the survival of which is unlikely if the causes of a decline in the number of plants continue, and includes all species determined to be endangered or threatened pursuant to the Federal Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended. The gum-resin of Lignum sanctum or Lignum vite, ("Tree of Life") A large tree growing in W. Indies. International trade of this species is restricted because of its placement in CITES Appendix II. A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. The National Wetland Plant List: 2014 Update of Wetland Ratings. Plant species commonly found in the deep zone, and designated either FAC or OBL by DEP. Guaiacum officinale L. – lignum-vitae. Lectotypified by El-Hadidi, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. Distribution: Central America and northern South America. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. These ranks carry no legal status. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Commonly known as Roughbark Lignum-vitae, Gaïacwood, Guaiacwood, Guayacan, Pockholz, Lignum Vitae and Tree of Life, Guaiacum is a small, slow growing and evergreen tree native to Caribbean and Northern coast of South America. Subordinate Taxa. Plant species commonly found in the transition zone, and designated either FACW or OBL by DEP. These species may become ranked as Category I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. Common names. Constituents: Resin acids (15-20%) ( guaiazulene , guaiaconic, guaianetic and guaiacic), saponins, polyterpenoid, vanillin, lignans (containing essential oil guajol ), sterols. 2014. The leaves are sometimes used as a substitute for soap. Once it has bloomed and set seed, the plant dies. GENERAL ANALYSIS. Ironwood is also a common name used for many different species. Guaiac, a natural resin extracted from the wood, is a colorless compound that turns blue when placed in contact with substances that have peroxidase activity and then are exposed to hydrogen peroxide. N. O. Zygophyllaceae. This plant has no children. Interestingly, both the common name and the trade name actually refer equally to two different species: the guaiacum sanctum and the guaiacum officinale . Common name: Tree of Life, Lignum Vitae, Guaiac Botanical name: Guaiacum officinale Family: Zygophyllaceae (Caltrop family) Tree of Life is a tree yeilding the true lignum vitae, a … Lignum vitae is a small, slow-growing, densely-crowned, evergreen tree growing to a height of 3 - 12 metres. Guaiacum officinale L. Common Name: COMMON LIGNUMVITAE: Status: Not Native: Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens Sun Full to Partial Sun/Shade. Guaiacum officinale, commonly known as roughbark lignum-vitae,[3] guaiacwood or gaïacwood, is a species of tree in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae, that is native to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America.[2]. National Wetland Plant List (NWPL): Source - Lichvar, R.W., M. Butterwick, N.C. Melvin, and W.N. Bryophytes generally live on land but are mostly found in moist environments, for they have free-swimming sperm that require water for transport. Common Name(s): Lignum Vitae. 13 Guajacum officinale.JPG 2,048 × 1,536; 509 KB. Spread 8-12 Feet. A voucher specimen is a pressed and thoroughly dried plant sample deposited in a herbarium, and is intended to be a permanent record supporting research purposes. Category II - Species that have shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. Fibromyalgia is a common… Pl. (Florida):Source - Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. Any species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Category I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. Many perennials may not be mature enough to bloom during its first year. CULTIVATED; collected by Dr. C. D. Adams. Guaiacum L. – lignum-vitae. If plant size is … Transition Species. Northern S. America - Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas to the Caribbean. Guajakbaum in German Guayacan in language. Family Zygophyllaceae. Deep Species. Latin Name Guaiacum officinale. Distribution Map: Based on vouchered plant specimens from wild populations. Mat. Janka Hardness: 4,390 lb f (19,510 N) 1993. 127: 51 (1993) Family: Zygophyllaceae. 1994. Plant species commonly found in the outer deep zone, and designated either FACW or OBL by DEP. Plant species designated as FAC or Upland by DEP, but commonly seen in the transition zone in limited numbers. Common Name: null Difficulty: null Fertilizer: null Flower Colour: null Height: null Soil: null Sunlight: null Temperature: null Water: null Bloom Time: null. Guaiacum Resin. Wunderlin, R. P., B. F. Hansen, A. R. Franck, and F. B. Essig. Perennial wildflowers re-grow each season from overwinter root material. Guaiacum Officinale. Appearance: It is an evergreen with oval, opposite, compound, bright green leaves and showy, deeply furrowed bark. Listed as Threatened Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. Scientific name: Guaiacum sanctum Pronunciation: GWY-uh-kum SANK-tum Common name(s): Lignum vitae, holywood, tree of life Family: Zygophyllaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native Uses: tree lawn 3–4 feet wide; tree lawn 4–6 feet wide; tree lawn > 6 ft wide; sidewalk cutout (tree pit); parking lot island < 100 sq ft; parking lot island 100–200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 … Each species' global rank is determined by NatureServe. Native to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America, Lignum Vitae or Guaiacum officinale is a small and slow-growing tree of about 3 -12 m tall and 60 cm in trunk diameter, with a … 381. In contrast to the vascular plants, the gametophyte (haploid) generation of bryophytes constitutes the larger plant form, while the small sporophyte (diploid) generation grows on or within the gametophyte and depends upon it for nutrition. [4], Guaiacum officinale is one of two species yielding the true lignum vitae, the other being Guaiacum sanctum. Atlas of Florida Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/). Guaiacum wood, also known as Lignum vitae, a name given to it from a belief that its medicinal virtues were of a superior kind, is largely imported into this country from the West Indies for making block-sheaves, wooden pestles, and many other objects, for which it is peculiarly fitted by its extraordinary hardness and toughness. Genus name comes from the Greek name which, in turn, is said to derive from an East Indian word cognate with Pali sigivera. Average Dried Weight: 79 lbs/ft 3 (1,260 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): 1.05, 1.26. Any correct part of a taxon name can be entered and a choice of the correct one made from the small list of resulting matches. Sometimes named Guaiacum officinale is Guaiacum, Guayacan, Pockholz, Tree of life, and Lignum Vitae. The wood is used as a mild laxative and diuretic. It is evergreen and has an open, spreading crown. Med. Furthermore, a search of "Virginia snake" or even "nia snak" yields one result: Virginia snakeroot. Wetland Assessment Procedure (WAP): Source - Southwest Florida Water Management District, Wetland Assessment Procedure Instruction Manual for Isolated Wetlands (March 2005). This numeric rank provides the relative rarity for each species based on a scale from 1 (very rare) to 5 (common). Guaiacum officinale. Height 8-12 Feet. Common Name Roughbark Lignumvitae . Habitat, Bahamas and South Florida) is also used for the same purposes as G. officinale; it is easily distinguished from the latter, by its five-celled fruit, and its oblong leaflets, six to eight to each leaf. Guaiacum officinale is the national flower of Jamaica. Zygophyllceae. Known Hazards. Synonym. Occurs almost always under natural conditions in wetlands. Guaiacum officinale and Guaiacum sanctum are both tropical trees. See all Guaiacum. Plants that perform their entire lifecycle within a single growing season. 1812, nom. Family Zygophyllaceae (Bean-caper or Caltrop family) Overview A evergreen tree, indigenous to the West Indies and the northern coast of South America, It grows slowly, up to 55 feet tall although it seldom grows taller than 30'. A plant that is typically vegetative its first year and blooms the following season. Facultative. Guaiacum Officinale is an important homeopathic remedy that will treat f ibromyalgia. Noteworthy Characteristics. Guaiacum officinale L. Preferred Common Name. Part used: The heartwood and gum resin. For example, matching the full name exactly in a Scientific Name search for Piptochaetium avenacioides may be difficult, but strings of either tium aven or avenaci or m avenac or pipto will all result in very small lists of matches. Tincture of the gum-resin. Habitat. Tincture from the gum, which corresponds to the 1x dilution. Facultative Wetland. Guajacum officinale L. Homonyms Guaiacum officinale L. Common names Bois saint in language. Any of various plants that have the vascular tissues xylem and phloem. Occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in wetlands. Name Synonyms Guaiacum bijugum Stokes Guaiacum breynii Spreng. The vascular plants include all seed-bearing plants (the gymnosperms and angiosperms) and the pteridophytes (including the ferns, lycophytes, and horsetails). Cultivated occurrences are not mapped. Guaiacum sanctum vs. guaiacum officinale » The guayacán real is known in other parts of its range as lignum vitae , or tree of life, the name under which its wood is commercially traded. Jamaica t. 222, f. 3-6 (1725); ; LT designated by El Hadidi, Regnum Veg. Select the criterion by which you wish to search (Scientific name, Genus, Family, etc.) Facultative Upland. Guaiacum bijugum Stokes, Bot. GUAIACUM OFFICINALE Linnaeus, Sp. The global rank reflects the species worldwide rarity. Plant species that are not expected to be seen in wetlands. equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands. Nellis, David W. (1994) Seashore Plants … Only plant populations vouchered by specimens deposited in Index Herbariorum http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/ih/ recognized herbaria are represented on this map. Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-10 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. Outer Deep Species. It is the national tree of the Bahamas. G. officinale is the Roughbark (or Common) Lignum vitae. Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally found in non-wetlands. Habitat. We are updating Guaiacum officinale – Plant information frequently. Zone 10B-11. Guaiaca. Preparation. Chapter 5B-40, Florida Administrative Code. All roots, stems, and leaves die at the end of the growing season. FLEPPC: Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, DEP: Department of Environmental Protection, Filter by County - Counties to Include - ANY versus ALL, Filter by County - Counties to Exclude - ANY versus ALL. The intended name can then be chosen from any of those lists. Common Names: Lignum Vitae, Tree of Life, Ironwood, Guajacum, Guaiac, Lignum Benedictum, Lignum Sanctum, Palus Sanctus. Salt Wind Tolerance High. Also known as Holywood Lignum-Vitae, Holywood or Guaiacum sanctum is a one of the flowering tree species that yield the valuable Lignum vitae wood. Common names Lignum vitae, guajacum, guaiac, lignum benedictum, lignum sanctum, palus sanctus, guajakbaum, pockholz. ANY - WAP critieria is not taken into consideration, No - Show results without WAP designations, Any - Persisting critieria is not taken into consideration, Yes - Show results with a Persisting value of, No - Show results without Persisting value of. The fungal component of a lichen absorbs water and nutrients from the surroundings and provides a suitable environment for the alga or cyanobacterium. If, after following the above advice, then difficulties are still encountered please use the "browse" feature. The genus, Guaiacum, is derived from the Carib native trees Jamaica t. 222(3-6). The heme portion of hemoglobin contains peroxidase and will catalyze the oxidation of guaiaconic acid when hydrogen peroxide is placed on the Guaiac card if blood is present in the stool. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographic range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused. General Notes Lignum vitae, the national tree of Jamaica, is a slow-growing, often multi-stemmed small tree with the world’s most dense wood. Soil Tolerant of most soil types. 127: 51. Guaiacum officinale Lignum Vitae . State Nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price; FL Doug Ingram and Sons Nursery. JAMAICA: Without data (lectotype: Sloane, Voy. Phytoneuron 2014-41: 1-42. Guajacum officinale L. Common Name(s): lignum vitae [English] lignum-vitae [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met It is commonly found in Central America specifically in Costa Rica north to Mexico, Florida, and the Caribbean. 1998, amended. Common Name: Scientific Name: Guaiacum officinale, Lignum Vitae Click on the plant listing below to view the nursery information. Guaiacum officinale Common name: Guaiacum, Lignum-vitae. It is small and slow growing, reaching only about 7 m in height with a trunk diameter of 50 cm. Guaiacum officinale. [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), USF Water Institute.] The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Defined as species of plants native to the state that are in rapid decline in the number of plants within the state, but which have not so decreased in such number as to cause them to be endangered. Identifying species that appear as waifs or only periodically appear in the flora for a few seasons. Other common names include rough bark lignum-vitae, guaiacwood, pockholz, and tree of life. Common Name(s): lignum-vitae [English] Accepted Name(s): Guaiacum officinale L. Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - orthographic variant (misspelling) Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Origin: Is native to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America. It is use for tonsi… The blue flowers have five petals that yield a bright-yellow-orange fruit with red flesh and black seeds. The mutualistic symbiotic association of a fungus with an alga or a cyanobacterium, or both. Homestead, FL. Guaiacum sanctum. An evergreen tree, growing in the West Indies, and on the Northern coast of South America. Proper vouchers display all the necessary attributes for complete identification of the plant, and are to be accompanied by accurate locality, habitat, collection time, and collector data. Upland Species. Species. (U.S.) Source - List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants under the provisions of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended. Botanical References. and enter that information into the provided field. Most people know Guaiacum sanctum simply as ‘Lignum vitae,’ but its true recognized common name is actually ‘Holywood Lignum vitae.’ The basic two-word term Lignum vitae is somewhat misleading, because it applies not only to G. sanctum, but also to other species of Guaiacum. Scientific Name: Guaiacum officinale, G. sanctum. Source - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council's 2017 List of Florida's Most Invasive Species. Salt Water Tolerance High. Occurs in wetlands in another region, but occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in non-wetlands in the regions specified. Natural order. BASIONYM: Guaiacum officinale Linnaeus 1753. 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2020 guaiacum officinale common name